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Paper Mills and End Markets Sign Commitment to Increase Paper Cup Recycling

A group of paper mills and end markets, representing 75% of mixed paper demand in the U.S. and Canada and including many Foodservice Packaging Institute members, signed a declaration of acceptance and a commitment to increasing recycling of paper cups.

A group of prominent paper mills and end markets across North America signed a declaration of acceptance and a commitment to increasing recycling of paper cups, including Essity, GP PRO, Graphic Packaging International, Great Lakes Tissue Company, ND Paper, Pratt Industries, Sustana Fiber and WestRock.

Organizations representing 75% of mixed paper demand (by quantity consumed) in the U.S. and Canada are accepting paper cups. Seven companies with 25 paper mills actively accept residential mixed paper bales (ISRI grade 54) with paper cups included, while three companies with five facilities currently accept paper cups when included with aseptic and gable top cartons in carton bales (ISRI grade 52).

“Empty paper cups are recyclable, and they provide high-quality fiber, which can then be recycled into new products like cereal cartons, facial tissue boxes and new paper cups,” said Michael Doss, president and CEO of Graphic Packaging International. “Graphic Packaging strongly supports recycling of paper cups and is encouraged by the proactive participation of the industry to collect them and increase the circularity of paper cups.”

Paper cups have a coating on the inside (for hot drink cups) or on both sides (for cold drink cups) that provides a liquid barrier to the fiber. Although the coating has long been seen as a reason not to recycle paper cups, several companies have conducted tests and determined that the coating does not present an obstacle to recycling the cups in their facilities. The mills use pulping systems that separate the coatings from the fiber, recovering the fiber with a 70% to 90% yield.

“Sustainability is at the forefront of everything we do at Sustana. Our investments in specialized equipment allow us to efficiently recover fiber from single-use coffee cups for re-use in premium applications, and we are pleased to support this recycling initiative. Increasing the viability and acceptance of paper cup recycling is an important step toward building a circular economy in our markets,” said Fabian de Armas, CEO of Sustana.

Many of the mill representatives who signed the statement are members of the Foodservice Packaging Institute (FPI), which facilitated much of the testing and the collaborative effort that resulted in the joint declaration. Its membership is made up of companies from throughout the supply chain, including paper mills and other raw materials suppliers, packaging converters and quick-service restaurants. FPI and its members work to align supply chain partners and strengthen end markets, as well as offer grants to help material recovery facilities (MRFs) and communities add paper cups to their residential recycling programs.

To date, FPI’s Community Partnership Program has helped 15 recycling programs successfully add paper cups. These programs serve a collective total of approximately four million households and a population of nearly 10 million.

“All recycling depends on end markets, and not all mills are readily equipped to separate the plastic coating found on paper cups. However, the facilities that signed this declaration are shining a spotlight not only on their ability, but their commitment to accept paper cups,” said Natha Dempsey, president of FPI. “We encourage communities and MRFs to connect directly with their end markets and local mills to check if they will accept bales containing paper cups.”


Founded in 1933, the Foodservice Packaging Institute is the trade association for the foodservice packaging industry in North America. FPI promotes the value and benefits of foodservice packaging and serves as the industry’s leading authority to educate and influence stakeholders. Members include raw material and machinery suppliers, manufacturers, distributors and purchasers of foodservice packaging.

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